All waste is removed from the site and disposed of in an eco-friendly manner. We do this in a variety of different ways:

  • Wood chippings are composted
  • Cord wood is chipped to be composted or used to produce electricity
  • Wood is used in log burning stoves
  • We supply Paradise Wildlife Park Broxbourne with wood and chips
  • We supply various other organisations with supplies which are used for footpaths and mulch.

Definitions of Common Treatments for Trees:


Bracing is the installation of bracing cables in order to relieve structural stress. This is done alongside pruning in order to help reduce the chance of failure in branches. This procedure can successfully address existing splitting limbs and trunks.


This treatment involves the clearing out of any dead, diseased or dying branches, any unwanted epicormic growth and dead stub ends.


The cutting down of a tree within 300mm (12in) of the ground at regular intervals, traditionally applied to certain species such as Hazel and Sweet Chestnut to provide stakes etc.

Crown Lift or Crown Raising

Crown lifting is the removal of the lowest branches and/or preparing of lower branches for future removal. Good practice dictates crown lifting should not normally include the removal of large branches growing directly from the trunk as this can cause large wounds which can become extensively decayed leading to further long term problems or more short term biomechanical instability.
Crown lifting on older, mature trees should be avoided or restricted to secondary branches or shortening of primary branches rather than the whole removal wherever possible. Crown lifting is an effective method of increasing light transmission to areas closer to the tree or to enable access under the crown but should be restricted to less than 15% of the live crown height and leave the crown at least two thirds of the total height of the tree. Crown lifting should be specified with reference to a fixed point, e.g. 'crown lift to give 5.5m clearance above ground level'.

Crown Reduction

The reduction in height and/or spread of the crown (the foliage bearing portions) of a tree. Crown reduction may be used to reduce mechanical stress on individual branches or the whole tree, make the tree more suited to its immediate environment or to reduce the effects of shading and light loss, etc.
The final result should retain the main framework of the crown, and so a significant proportion of the leaf bearing structure, and leave a similar, although smaller outline, and not necessarily achieve symmetry for its own sake.
Crown reduction cuts should be as small as possible and in general not exceed 100mm diameter unless there is an overriding need to do so. Reductions should be specified by actual measurements, where possible, and reflect the finished result, but may also refer to lengths of parts to be removed to aid clarity, e.g. 'crown reduce in height by 2.0m and lateral spread by 1.0m, all round, to finished crown dimensions of 18m in height by 11m in spread (all measurements approximate). Not all species are suitable for this treatment and crown reduction should not be confused with 'topping: an indiscriminate and harmful treatment.

Crown Thin

Crown thinning is the removal of a portion of smaller/tertiary branches, usually at the outer crown, to produce a uniform density of foliage around an evenly spaced branch structure. It is usually confined to broad-leaved species. Crown thinning does not alter the overall size or shape of the tree. Material should be removed systematically throughout the tree, should not exceed the stated percentage and not more than 30% overall.
Common reasons for crown thinning are to allow more light to pass through the tree, reduce wind resistance, reduce weight (but this does not necessarily reduce leverage on the structure) and is rarely a once-only operation particularly on species that are known to produce large amounts of epicormic growth.

Dead Wooding

Non-living branches or stems due to natural ageing or external influences. Deadwood provides essential habitats and its management should aim to leave as much as possible, shortening or removing only those that pose a risk. Durability and retention of deadwood will vary by tree species.

Drop Crotching

Shortening branches by pruning off the end back to a lateral branch which is at least 1/3 of the diameter of the removed branch.

Eco-friendly disposal

  • The arisings removed from site are disposed of in an eco-friendly manner. We do this in a variety of different ways:
  • Wood chippings are composted
  • Cord wood is chipped to be composted or used to produce electricity
  • Wood used in log burning stoves
  • We supply Paradise Wildlife Park Broxbourne with wood and chips
  • We provide various other organisations with supplies for use on footpaths and mulch

Felling/Section felling

Removal of tree in stages. Lowered by ropes.


The application of a substance, usually to the tree’s rooting area (and occasionally to the tree), to promote tree growth or reverse or reduce decline. This will only be effective if nutrient deficiency is confirmed. If decline is the result of other factors such as compaction, physical damage, toxins etc., the application of fertiliser will not make any difference.

Formative pruning

Minor pruning during the early years of a tree’s growth to establish the desired form and/or to correct defects or weaknesses that may affect structure in later life.


Hedges trimming and reduction.

Lifting (removal of lower branches)

This treatment involves removing the lower branches to a specified height above ground level.

Lopping and Topping

Generally regarded as outdated terminology but still included as part of Planning legislation. Lopping refers to the removal of large side branches (the making of vertical cuts) and topping refers to the removal of large portions of the crown of the tree (the making of horizontal cuts, generally through the main stems). Often used to describe crude, heavy-handed or inappropriate pruning.

Painting or Sealing

Covering pruning cuts or other wounds with a paint, often bitumen based. Research has demonstrated that this is not beneficial and may in fact be harmful. On no account should timber treatments be used as these are definitely harmful to living cells.


The initial removal of the top of a young tree at a prescribed height to encourage multistem branching from that point, traditionally for fodder, firewood or poles. Once started, it should be repeated on a cyclical basis always retaining the initial pollard point, or bolling as it becomes known.

Root Pruning and Removal

Root pruning is a process in which the root of the tree is cut and removed.

Root Pruning/Installing root barriers

Root pruning is a process in which the root of the tree is cut and removed into a convenient point and a barrier is inserted to prevent root trespass.

Shortening Back - Heading In

This treatment involves the reduction in length of branches, back to a convenient crotch or growing point.

Stump Grinding

Removal of trees stump, carried out using machinery.

Tree Planting

We supply and plant bare rooted, root balled and containerised trees. All trees are staked and tied with irrigation feeders. they can also be planted in root-controlled bags to prevent root trespass. We recommend that most tree planting is carried out between November and February.